Kidney and stone Disease (गुर्दे की पथरी का लक्षण और इलाज)

Kidney and stone Disease (गुर्दे की पथरी का लक्षण और इलाज)



Kidney and stone disease (gurde ki pathari) ko Urolithiasis ke name se bhi  jana jata hai. Jab koi stone (solid material) Kidney(गुर्दे), Ureter(मुत्रवाहिनी) , Urinary bladder(मूत्राशय), Urethra(मूत्रमार्ग) me payi jati hai to use kidney and stone disease (gurde ki pathari) kahate hai.



 Jab stone bahut chhota hota hai to asani se peshab ke rashte bahar aa jata hai. But  jab stone 5 millimeters se badi ho jati hai to Peshab ka rashta block ho jata hai jisase lower back or lower abdomen (pet ki nichale hisse me) bahut tej pain hota hai. Stone ke karan (reason) peshab me bahut tej jalan, blood ana, vomiting hota hai.


Reason of kidney and stone disease( gurde ki pathari)-

1-    Genetics( आनुवंशिकी) Kidney and stone disease (gurde ki pathari) genetics bhi hoti hai. Agar kisi ke mummy or papa ko stone ki disease hai to usske bachche ko bhi ho sakati hai.
2-    Environmental(वातावरण)- Global warming bhi gurde ki pathari ka ek reason hota hai.
3-    Calcium or vit. D- Jab body me calcium or vit D ki matra jyada ho jati hai to pathari ki disease ho jati hai.
4-     Dehydration(पानी की कमी )- jab body me pani ki kami (dehydration) lagatar hota hai to gurde ki pathari ho jati hai.
5-     Crohn’ disease(क्रोहन रोग ) (IBD- Inflammatory bowel disease)- crohn’ disease ke karan( reason) bhi gurde ki pathari ho jati hai.
6-    Animal protein- Jab body me animal protein bahut jayada amount me ho jata hai to gurde ki pathari ho jati hai.

Signs and symptoms (लक्षण)-

1-    Nausea and vomiting (जी मिचलाना और  उल्टियाँ होना )- patient ko Nausea and vomiting ( ulti ) bar-bar hota hai.
2-    Pain(तेज दर्द )- patients ko bahut tej pain (strongest pain) pet ke nichle hisse me (lower abdomen or lower back) hota ahi.
3-    Patient ko Peshab ke rashte se blood ane lagata hai.

Prevention (बचाव)-

1-    Water (जल)- Gurde ki pathari se bachne ke liye khub pani piye. Ek din me kam se kam 4-5 litre pani piye.
2-    प्याज ka Juice :- Pyaj ko acchi tarah se ubal kar uska juice pine se gurde ki pathari nhi hoti hai.
3-    Vitamin B6Vit B6 daily 100mg se 150 mg khane se gurde ki pathari nhi hoti hai.
4-    Tulsi ka patta- Daily 3-4 tulsi ka patte ko khane se gurde ki pathari nhi hoti hai.
5-    Daily exercise- agar daily exercise kare to gurde ki pathari kabhi nhi hoga. Because gurde ki pathari ki sambhavna tab adhik rahati hai jab heavy body weight rahata hai.
6-    Soft drink को अवॉयड करें - soft drink like as cocacola, pepsi, dew bahut kam pina chahiye. Ek week me 1 litre se jyada nhi pina chahiye.
7-    Lemon juice- lemon juice use karne se gurde ki pathari nhi hoti hai.

Treatment of kidney and stone disease (gurde ki pathari का इलाज )-

1-    Use of diuretics(मूत्रल)- some diuretics like as thiazide like diuretics e.i.- clorthalidone. Yah drugs gurde ki pathari ke formation ko rok deti hai.
2-    NSAID - NSAID ka use pain ko kam karne ke liye hotsa his. For example- Diclofenac दवाइयां,
3-    Surgery- if stone 5 mm se badi hoti hai to surgery ke through bahar nikalate hai.
4-    Laser lithotripsy technique-laser lithotripsy technique ke through gurde ki pathari ka treatment hota hai.
5-    Urine alkalinization- urine alkalinization me alkalizer ka use hota hai. Like as sodium bicarbonate,potassium citrate, magnesium citrate.  alkalizer calcium oxalate stone se reaction karke ussko destroy kar dete hai.



  उम्मीद है की आपको पथरी के बारे में अच्छे से जानकारी मिल गयी होगी . फिर भी आपको कुछ संदेह है तो आप कमेंट करके पूछ सकते हैं .
Kidney and stone Disease (गुर्दे की पथरी का लक्षण और इलाज) Kidney and stone Disease (गुर्दे की पथरी का लक्षण और इलाज) Reviewed by Jai prakash Kushwaha on रविवार, सितंबर 18, 2016 Rating: 5

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